jQuery Ajax - Fetch data from an External JSON file and Display in HTML Table

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You can use the getJSON() method in jQuery to extract data from a JSON file. I’ll show you how using this method, you can extract data from an external JSON and file and display the data in an HTML table.

Image
not real data

Fetch JSON data from file and Display in HTML table using jQuery

getJSON() Syntax

$.getJSON(url, data, success)

The jQuery getJSON() method uses Ajax to make an HTTP GET request (to the server). It takes 3 parameters. The first parameter is the file URL (or the location of the file), the second parameter (its optional) is some data that you want to send to the server, the third parameter is a function it will run upon successful request.

Now, let’s see the example.

The JSON file

Here’s the sample JSON file. It has fey keys and data.

The Markup
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.10.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

    <style>
        table { width: 100%; }
        table, th, td {
            border: solid 1px #dddddd;
            border-collapse: collapse;
            padding: 2px 3px;
            text-align: center;
        }
        th { font-weight: bold; }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <p>
    	<input type='button' value='Click to show data in Table' id='bt'>
    </p>
    <div id='showData'></div>
</body>

There’s not much in the markup section, since, I’ll create an HTML table dynamically and then add it my web page. I just have an <input> button and a <div> element, which serves as a container to the table.

The Script
<script>
    $('#bt').click(function () {
        $.getJSON("../../library/stock-ticker.json", function (data) {

            let keys;
            let items = [];

            $.each(data, function (index, value) {
            	keys = Object.keys(value);
                items.push(value);
            });
            
          	let table = document.createElement("table");
            let tr = table.insertRow(-1);
            
            // First, create table header.
            for (let i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
              let th = document.createElement('th');
              th.innerHTML = keys[i];
              tr.appendChild(th);
            }
            
            // Now, show the details in rows and columns.
            for (let k = 0; k < items.length; k++) {
                tr = table.insertRow(-1);

                for (let j = 0; j < keys.length; j++) {
                    let tabCell = tr.insertCell(-1);
                    
                    // Check if its a negative number.
                    // Math.sign() method is a new ES6 feature, to check if a number is positive or negative. 
                    if (Math.sign(items[k][keys[j]]) === -1) {
                    	tabCell.innerHTML = '<span style="color:red;">' +
                        	items[k][keys[j]] + '</span>';
                    }
                    else {
                    	tabCell.innerHTML = items[k][keys[j]];
                    }
                }
            }
            
            // Add the newly created table to the DIV element.
            let eleShow = document.getElementById('showData');
            eleShow.innerHTML = '';
            eleShow.appendChild(table);
		 });
    });
</script>
</html>
Try it

The getJSON() method is called when you click the button. The method in example has two parameters, the URL of the file, followed the data the server returns (if the request is successful). I am not passing any data to the server.

I’ll separate the key (from the JSON) and the data and store it in arrays. The keys are for the Headers of the table.

$.each(data, function (index, value) {
    keys = Object.keys(value);
    items.push(value);
});
            
console.log(keys + ' ' + items);

See the browser console window. You will see the keys and the data object.

Image

jQuery getJSON() method

Next, I have created an HTML table object and added header to the table.

The final for loop will create rows for the table and add data to it.

Well that’s it. Thanks for reading .

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