How to write Data to a Text file using Excel VBA

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I am sharing a simple VBA macro here that shows how to write data to a text file (a .txt file) in Excel.

The two images below explain what the macro will actually do. In the first image, I have a table in Excel and the macro writes the entire table’s data in a .txt file. In the second image, the macro extracts data from each cell and row and writes it (as it is line-by-line) in a .txt file.

Image 1 👇

Write Table data to a Text file using Macro

Image 2 👇

Get data from Excel cells and Write to a text file using Macro

Here’s the macro.

Option Explicit

Dim objFso As New FileSystemObject    ' Create FSO object.
Dim objTS As TextStream               ' For TextStream object.

Dim sFolder As String

Private Sub Worksheet_Activate()
    write_to_file
End Sub

Sub write_to_file()

    ' Get used range rows count in your worksheet.
    Dim iTotalRows As Integer
    iTotalRows = Worksheets("sheet1").UsedRange.Rows.Count
        
    ' Get used range columns count in your worksheet.
    Dim iTotalCols As Integer
    iTotalCols = Worksheets("sheet1").UsedRange.Columns.Count
    
    Dim iRowCnt, iColCnt As Integer
    Dim sText As String
    
    ' Iterate (or loop) through each row and column.
    For iRowCnt = 1 To iTotalRows
        For iColCnt = 1 To iTotalCols
            ' Store the data in a variable.
            sText = sText & Worksheets("Sheet1").Cells(iRowCnt, iColCnt) & " "
        Next iColCnt
        
        sText = sText & vbCrLf      ' For next row.
    Next iRowCnt
 
    ' Return a TextStream object using the FSO CreateTextFile() method.
    sFolder = "d:\fixtures"
    Set objTS = objFso.CreateTextFile(sFolder & "\sample.txt")
    
    objTS.WriteLine sText   ' Finally, write the text in the file.
    
    objTS.Close             ' Close the file.
End Sub

What am I doing here?

I created two objects in the beginning of the macro. The first is the FileSystemObject (or FSO) and second object is of the TextStream class. Both these class provided two crucial methods, which I have used at the end of the procedure.

Set objTS = objFso.CreateTextFile(sFolder & "/sample.txt") ' method 1: CreateTextFile() of FileSystemOject.
objTS.WriteLine sText ' method 2: WriteLine of TextStream class.

Next, I’ll get the worksheets used range, or the rows and columns which have some data. (the blanks rows are ignored)

iTotalRows = Worksheets("sheet1").UsedRange.Rows.Count
iTotalCols = Worksheets("sheet1").UsedRange.Columns.Count

The used range can have a table or simply some data in each cell.

Later, I’ll loop through (using For ... next loop) each row and its cells to extract data and store it in a variable named sText. Look carefully, I have added a blank text (or string) like this & " ", while reading data in cells. This is to add a space after each text. In-addition, to write data in the next row, I have added vbCrlf.

Finally, I am writing the data in a file named sample.txt in a folder.

sFolder = "d:\fixtures"
Set objTS = objFso.CreateTextFile(sFolder & "\sample.txt")
objTS.WriteLine sText

Note: If a text file with the same name already exists in the folder, the macro will overwrite the contents with the data it extracted from the worksheet.

👉 And if you want to copy the same data again (or some other data) from a text file to your Excel worksheet, check out this article on how to copy data from text file to Excel using VBA
Copy data from text file to Excel

Do not forget to close the file, once everything is done.

objTS.Close

I have not defined any range in my Excel worksheet. All I have done is provide the name of the active worksheet, like sheet1, and the macro will do the remaining. It will read data, as it is, from each row and cell, and write the data in a file.

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