A Simple Accordion Menu using JQuery and CSS

Traditionally menus, used for navigating a website, are designed using CSS. Pure CSS menus are simple, looks good and it helps laying out the elements properly on a website. Here, in this article I am going to show you with an example on how to design a cool Vertical Accordion menu using JQuery and CSS.

JQuery Accordion Menu with CSS

Demo

An accordion menu is useful when there is very little space on a web page. You can hide paragraphs and important contents inside the accordion. Using JQuery .accordion() function, you can easily add a simple accordion menu on your web page. Further, using CSS you can style it to give it nice finish.

Let’s Style it

We have tried to keep the styling as simple as possible, since we will focus more on the JQuery function and the scripts, to make the menus expand (or collapse). The style will give it a smooth flow and also highlight (or color) the active Block’s header.

<head>
    <style>
        :focus, :active { outline:0; }

        #accordion { 
            width:500px; 
            margin:0 auto; 
            font:normal normal 13px sans-serif; 
            color:#555; 
        }
        
        #accordion h3 {
            padding:5px; 
            -webkit-border-radius:3px; 
            border-radius:3px;
            -moz-box-shadow:0 1px 4px #CCC; 
            -webkit-box-shadow:0 1px 4px #CCC; 
            box-shadow:0 1px 4px #CCC; 
            margin:3px 0; 
            cursor:pointer;
        }

        #accordion div {
            margin:0 0 0 10px; 
            padding:10px; 
            border:solid 1px #F6F6F6; 
            height:auto;
        }
    </style>
    
    <script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jqueryui/1.10.2/jquery-ui.min.js"></script>
</head>
The Markup

To design the menu, I’ll first add a <div> and <h3> element on the web page. The <div> works as the container and it will hold the contents. The <h3> (header) element will serve as our menu heads.

<body>
    <div id="accordion">
    
        <h3>Asp.Net</h3>
            <div>Hello World (C#)
            <pre>
            using System;
            protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
              Response.Write("Hello, world");
            }</pre></div>
            
        <h3>JQuery</h3>
            <div>JQuery is a JavaScript library to write cross browser client side script.
            <pre>
            $(document).ready(function() {
                $('#accordion').accordion();
                
                $('#Close').click(function() {
                    $('#div').hide();
                });    
            });</pre></div>
            
        <h3>CSS</h3>
            <div>Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is used for styling and laying HTML 
                elements on a web page.
            <pre>
            .classname div { 
                padding:3px 5px; border:solid 1px #CCC 
            }
            </pre></div>
            
        <h3>Ajax</h3>
            <div>Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) allows Web applications to 
                send and receive data from a server, asynchronously. 
                It is a clean way of communicating with a server, 
                without refreshing the existing page.
            </div>
            
        <h3>SQL Server</h3>
            <div>Microsoft's SQL Server is a Relational Database Managment System (RDBMS), 
                whose primary function is to store and retrieve various types of data.
            <pre>
            SELECT EmpID, EmpName, Designation
                FROM Employee
                    WHERE EmpID = 3</pre></div>
    </div>
</body>

JQuery .accordion() function

Finally, we will write the script that will make the menus work the way we want it. We will add a little animation and color using JQuery .css() method.

The click event of each menu header will result in expanding or collapsing of the menus. In addition, I want to highlight the headers to avoid any confusion about the active menu block.

<script>
    $(document).ready(function() {
        // JQUERY FUNCTION.
        $("#accordion").accordion({
            heightStyle: "content"
        });
    });
    // EXPAND AND COLLAPSE MENUS ON “HEADER CLICK”
    $("#accordion h3").click(function() {
        $("#accordion h3").animate({ 'background-color': '#FFF' }, 300);
        $("#accordion h3").css({ 'color': '#000' });

        // HIGHLIGHT THE SELECTED HEADER (BLOCK)
        $(this).animate({ 'background-color': '#FA6305' }, 300); 
        $(this).css({ 'color': '#FFF' });
    });
</script>
Conclusion

I want you to check the demo and get a feel of it. I am sure this simple accordion menu, with very little code, will look great on your web page. You can make it look even better by adding little more style and color to it. Overall, this example will stand out from all other menus due its simplicity.

Don’t forget to share it with your friends.

Demo

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