Convert JavaScript Date and Month to string - How to Convert JavaScript getDay() and getMonth() Method to String Values

The JavaScript Date object provides various methods to access the day, month and year along time. For example, to get the day of a specified date you will have use the method getDay(). Similarly, to get the month, you will use the getMonth() method. However, these methods return values in numbers. You can convert the numeric values using Array to translate the actual day of the week or month of the year as a string value.

Convert Days to String using JavaScript

In this example, I am using JavaScript .getDay() method to get the day of the week. It will return a numeric value and I’ll convert it to a string value.

Syntax

objDate.getDay()

The Code
<html>
<body>
    <p>Click the Button to convert an Array to a String</p>
    <p>
        <input type="button" value="Convert Array to String" 
            onclick="convertArrayToString()" />
    </p>
    <div id="t"></div>
</body>

<script>
    function convertArrayToString() {
        var dt = new Date();   // THE DATE OBJECT.

        // ADD WEEK DAYS IN AN ARRAY.
        var weekday = new Array('Sunday', 'Monday', 'Tuesday', 
            'Wednesday', 'Thursday', 'Friday', 'Saturday');

        // GET THE DAY.
        document.getElementById('t').innerHTML = 
            "Today is <b>" + weekday[dt.getDay()] + "</b>";
    }
</script>
</html>
Try it

The value returned by .getDay() (a number) is used as an index in the array, which will return a day (string) in the array.

Convert Months to String using JavaScript

Similarly, in this example I am using JavaScript .getMonth() method to get the month of the year. Like, the .getDay() method, the .getMonth() too returns a numeric value 0 to 11. Therefore, to get the month in string, I’ll create an array of months and use the value of .getMonth() as an index to fetch the result from the array.

The Script
<html>
<body>
    <p>Click the button to see the Current Month.</p>
    <p>
        <input type="button" value="Get the Current Month" 
            onclick="getCurrentMonth()" />
    </p>
    <div id="t"></div>
</body>

<script>
    function getCurrentMonth() {
        var dt = new Date();        // THE DATE OBJECT.

        // ADD MONTHS IN AN ARRAY.
        var months = new Array('January', 'February', 'March',
                     'April', 'May', 'June', 'July', 'August',
                     'September', 'October', 'November', 'December');

        document.getElementById('t').innerHTML = 
            "The Current Month is: <b>" + months[dt.getMonth()] + "</b>";
    }
</script>
</html>
Try it

Browser Support:
Chrome 39.0 - Yes | FireFox 34.0 - Yes | Internet Explorer 10 - Yes | Safari - Yes

Thanks for reading.

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