Open a New Browser Window using JavaScript open() Method

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Opening a new browser window or multiple popup windows from the parent window can sometimes be a necessity, especially when a user wants to multi task while referring multiple pages at the same time.

JavaScript window.open() method

See this demo

We all hate unwanted popup windows. However, it is one of most useful and effective online advertising tools ever designed. Yes, it is effective. Keeping this in mind, modern browsers have made provisions for blocking unwanted or all types of popup windows, ultimately giving the user complete authority to allow or disallow these windows to appear.

Note: The first browser ever to design and implement tools to block popup windows was Opera.

Anyways, we are not going to discuss in depth about the pros and cons of popup windows, but to understand how windows can be opened either as a new window or in a new tab.

JavaScript window open() method has many features which we are going to discuss in these articles.

Syntax:

window.open (url, name, features, replace)

Syntax of window.open()

Also Read: Restrict or Disable Browser Back Button Using JavaScript

The Markup and Script
<html>
<head></head>
<body>
    <input type="button" value="Click Me" onclick="openWindow()" />
</body>
<script type="text/javascript">
    function openWindow() {
        var win = window.open('popupwindow.htm');
        win.focus();
    }
</script>
</html>

Property “url”

This specifies the URL or the location of the web page which is to be opened. An URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the web address which you can see in the address bar of your browser. If you do not mention the URL in the function, then it will open a new blank window.

In the above example I am opening a new window by clicking a button. In addition, I have specified the URL or the page which is to be opened in the window.

Property “name”

You can give the new a window a name, using this parameter. It works as an identifier meaning if a window has been opened with a specific name, then clicking the button again will refresh the already opened window showing new contents. Without the name, the function will open a new window with every button click.

var win = window.open('popupwindow.htm', 'New Window'); win.focus();

Also, this parameter can be used to set the windows target attribute like _blank, _top, _self, _top.

Using the above example, I'll now replace New Window with one of the target attributes.

var win = window.open('popupwindow.htm', '_blank');

and

var win = window.open('popupwindow.htm', '_parent');

Property “feature”

Using the feature parameter, you can define the necessary features of the newly created or opened window. This actually takes a collection of string as parameters separated by a comma. A windows feature can be like its width and height and how it is positioned on the screen. Below are the lists of features which are commonly used.

I would recommend that you read the restrictions imposed on these features in About Window Restrictions

Using feature left and top

Its values are in pixels and you can use the left and right (also X coordinate and Y coordinate) to position the window on the screen. Many browsers do not support this feature anymore.

var win = window.open('popupwindow.htm', 'New Window','top=70,left=500');

Using feature width and height

Popup windows come in a variety of sizes depending on the use of these windows. To adjust the size from small to big, use these features. And also these values are in pixels.

var win = window.open('popupwindow.htm', 'New Window','width=300,height=300');

Using feature “resizable”

Accepts values like 0 and 1 or yes and no to specify if the window can be resized once opened. Now, this behavior varies from browser to browser. Try this in different browsers, particularly with Internet Explorer and see the result. The default is 0 or no.

var win = window.open('popupwindow.htm', 'New Window','width=300,height=300,top=70,left=500,resizable=no');

Using feature “scrollbars”

Accepts values like 0 and 1 or yes and no to specify if the page of the newly opened window can be scrolled or not. Again, try different browsers to check the result. Check this feature after reducing the width and height of the window. This will give a clear picture of how it works.

var win = window.open('popupwindow.htm', 'New Window','width=300,height=300,top=70,left=500,scrollbars=yes');

Using feature “status”

Set value 0 and 1 or yes and no to specify if the window will show a status bar at the bottom. The status bar provides many security features available with the browser. Hiding the status bar is not recommended, since it can deceive the users in many ways.

var win = window.open('popupwindow.htm', 'New Window','width=300,height=300,top=70,left=500,status=no);

Using feature “menubar”

This will specify if the browser’s menu bar will be displayed or not. The values are 0 and 1 or yes or no depending upon the requirement.

var win = window.open('popupwindow.htm', 'New Window','width=300,height=300,top=70,left=500,resizable=0,menubar=yes');

Also Read: Cross browser Floating, Transparent and Centered DIV Using CSS

Property “replace”

This feature’s activity is reflected in keeping the history of pages browsed by a user. Your browser maintains hour by hour history of your entire browser activities. It takes Boolean values like true or false. When set as true, it will replace current history with the new one and if set as false, it will create a new entry in the browser history.

Markup and Script to Open Multiple Windows
<html>
<head></head>
<body>
    <input type="button" value="Click Me" onclick="openMultipleWindows()" />
</body>
<script type="text/javascript">
    function openMultipleWindows() {
        var win1 = window.open('popupwindow.htm', 'Win 1', 
            'width=600, height=600, top=70, left=100, resizable=1, menubar=yes', true);
        var win2 = window.open('popupwindow.htm', 'Win 2', 
            'width=600, height=600, top=70, left=100, resizable=1, menubar=yes', true);
    }
</script>
</html>

See this demo

That's it. Thanks for reading.

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